Wood for outdoor use different from Teak

CHARACTERISTICS OF TROPICAL WOOD

Timber effortlessly complements natural surroundings. Its flexibility allows landscape artists the freedom to incorporate enhancements such as handrails, balustrades, pergolas, screens and gazebos.

Any wood has different characteristics that make it suitable for certain use instead than others. This wood list would help you to choose the most suitable for your needs.

Balau

Shorea (Dipterocarpaceae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Chengal

Neobalanocarpus heimii (Dipterocarpaceae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow-brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : n.d. Air-dry Density: 915-980 (kg/m3 at 15% MC)

Remarksn.d.

Keranji

Dialium spp. (Leguminosae)

Colour and grain : n.d. Durability: High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type I & II. Air-dry Density: 755-1,250 (kg/m3 at 15% MC)

Remarks n.d.

Merbau

Intsia spp. - I. palembanica (Leguminosae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is pale yellow in colour. Heartwood is yellowish to orange-brown when fresh, darkening to brown or dark red-brown on exposure. The texture is coarse but even, with interlocked grain. Durability: High. Strenght: Strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 515-1,040 (kg/m3 at 15% MC)

RemarksA popular timber for joinery in Europe, particularly Belgium and The Netherlands. The timber is attractive and particularly suitable for decorative flooring. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Kapur

Dryobalanops spp. (Dipterocarpaceae)

Colour and grain : n.d. Durability: High. Strenght: Strong. Tangential movement : Type V. Air-dry Density: 575-815 (kg/m3 at 15% MC)

Remarksn.d.

Kelat

Syzygium spp. (Myrtaceae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is not well-defined from the heartwood which is light brown, pink-brown, red brown or purple brown with a grey tinge. The grain is interlocked, irregular or wavy. Texture is moderately fine and even. Durability: Moderately High. Strenght: Strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 495-1,010 (kg/m3 at 15% MC)

RemarksSuitable for medium traffic flooring. Machines easily and takes a good finish. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Keledang

Artocarpus spp. (Moraceae)

Colour and grain : n.d. Durability: Moderately High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : n.d. Air-dry Density: 495-945 (kg/m3 at 15% MC)

Remarksn.d.

Kempas

Kompassia malaccensis (Leguminosae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Keruing

Dipterocarpus spp. (Dipterocarpaceae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Mengkulang

Heritiera spp. (Sterculiaceae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Merawan

Hopea spp. (Dipterocarpaceae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Merpauh

Switonia spp. (Anacardiaceae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Simpoh

Dillenia spp. (Dilleniaceae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Tualang

Kompassia excelsa (Leguminosae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Bintangor

Calophyllum spp. (Guttiferae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Durian

Coelostegia spp., Durio spp., Kostermensia sp., Neesia spp. (Bombacaceae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Meranti, rosso scuro

Shorea (Dipterocarpaceae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Meranti, bianco

Shorea (Dipterocarpaceae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Meranti, giallo

Shorea (Dipterocarpaceae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Meranti Bakau

Shorea uliginosa (Dipterocarpaceae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.

Mersawa

Anisoptera spp. (Dipterocarpaceae)

Colour and grain : Sapwood is lighter in colour and well defined from the heartwood, which is yellow- brown, brown or reddish brown. The grain is interlocked and the texture is moderately fine but even. Durability: Very High. Strenght: Very strong. Tangential movement : Type III. Air-dry Density: 850-1,155 (kg/m3 a 15% MC)

RemarksThis timber is suitable for heavy-duty applications and has good working properties. Pre-boring before nailing is recommended.